Retained earnings are the profits that a company has earned to date, less any dividends or other distributions paid to investors. a company cumulative earnings since the corporation was formed. In most cases, companies retain earnings to invest them into areas where the company can create growth opportunities, such as buying new machinery or spending the money on more research and development.
Formula for retain earning:
Beginning retained earnings + Profits/losses - Dividends = Ending retained earnings
Benefits have of having retained earnings is companies to have financial resources to reinvest in their operations, creating growth. Retained earnings fund several projects such as research and development and facility construction, renovation and expansion. Companies also use retained earnings to purchase equipment and other assets as well as pay off company debts and liabilities.
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